Ferguson/Kirby Genealogy
Genealogy of the Ferguson, Kirby, Hicks, Harmon, Anderson, Andruss, and related famies
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King Of England Edward, I (Longshanks)
Male 1239 - 1307


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  • Prefix  King Of England 
    Suffix  I (Longshanks) 
    Birth  17 Jun 1239  Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  7 Jul 1307  Near Carlisle Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I3032  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  23 Nov 2007 

    Father  King Of England Henry, III,   b. 1 Oct 1207, Winchester, Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Eleanor, Of Provence,   d. 1291 
    Married  4 Jan 1235  Canterbury, Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F1452  Group Sheet

    Family  Eleanor, Of Castile 
    Married  Oct 1254 
    Children 
    >1. Joan Plantagenet,   b. 1272, Acre Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Elizabeth Plantagenet,   b. Aug 1282,   d. 5 May 1316
    >3. King Of England Edward, III,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon, Castle, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  6 Feb 2007 
    Family ID  F1450  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Edward I (1272-1307), who succeeded his father,
      was an able administrator and law maker. He
      re-established royal power, investigating many of
      the abuses resulting from weak royal government
      and issuing new laws. Edward was an effective
      soldier, gaining experience from going on crusade
      to Egypt and Syria before he became king. In 1276
      Edward invaded Wales where Llewelyn ap
      Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, had built up
      considerable power. In a series of campaigns
      Edward gained control of Wales, building strong
      castles to secure his conquests. Llewelyn was killed
      and in 1284, the Statute of Wales brought Wales
      under Edward's rule. In 1301, he created his eldest
      son, Edward, the first English Prince of Wales.

      Wanting to unite the country behind him and to
      raise money for all these campaigns, in 1295 the
      king called what became known as the 'Model
      Parliament'. To this he summoned not only the
      aristocracy and the prelates, but also the knights of
      the shires, burgesses from the towns and junior
      clergy, thus creating a Parliament in approximately
      its modern form. From this date onwards, this
      system of representation became the norm.

      In 1296 Edward invaded Scotland, successfully
      seizing the king of Scots and the Stone of Scone.
      However, a guerrilla war broke out and William
      Wallace, the Scottish leader, defeated the English
      at Stirling Bridge. Wallace was finally captured and
      executed in 1305. Edward died in 1307, when he
      was about to start another campaign against the
      Scots. In 1314 Robert the Bruce, who had become
      king of Scots in 1306, defeated the English at the
      Battle of Bannockburn.