Ferguson/Kirby Genealogy
Genealogy of the Ferguson, Kirby, Hicks, Harmon, Anderson, Andruss, and related famies
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King Of England Edward, III
Male 1312 - 1377


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  • Prefix  King Of England 
    Suffix  III 
    Birth  13 Nov 1312  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  21 Jun 1377  Sheen Palace Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I3210  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  6 Feb 2007 

    Father  King Of England Edward, III,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon, Castle, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Isabella, Of France 
    Married  25 Jan 1307  Bolongne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F1545  Group Sheet

    Family  Philippa, Of Hainault 
    Married  24 Jan 1327  York Minster Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    >1. Prince Of Wales Edward,   b. 15 Jun 1330, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1376, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Duke Of Lancaster John, Of Gaunt,   b. Mar 1339, Ghent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1398, Leicester Castle Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Duke Of York Edmund, Of Langley,   b. 5 Jun 1341, Kings Langley, Herts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1402, Kings Langley, Herts Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  6 Dec 2006 
    Family ID  F1546  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Edward III (reigned 1327-77) was 14 when he
      was crowned King and assumed government in his
      own right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the
      Duchy of Cornwall to provide the heir to the throne
      with an income independent of the sovereign or the
      state. An able soldier, and an inspiring leader,
      Edward founded the Order of the Garter in 1348.

      At the beginning of the Hundred Years War in
      1337, actual campaigning started when the King
      invaded France in 1339 and laid claim to the throne
      of France. Following a sea victory at Sluys in 1340,
      Edward overran Brittany in 1342 and in 1346 he
      landed in Normandy defeating the French King,
      Philip IV, at the Battle of Cr‚ecy and his son
      Edward (the Black Prince) repeated his success at
      Poitiers (1356). By 1360 Edward controlled over a
      quarter of France. His successes consolidated the
      support of the nobles, lessened criticism of the
      taxes, and improved relations with Parliament.
      However, under the 1375 Treaty of Bruges the
      French King, Charles V, reversed most of the
      English conquests; Calais and a coastal strip near
      Bordeaux were Edward's only lasting gain.

      Failure abroad provoked criticism at home. The
      Black Death plague outbreaks of 1348-9, 1361-2
      and 1369 inflicted severe social dislocation (the
      King lost a daughter to the plague) and caused
      deflation; severe laws were introduced to attempt
      to fix wages and prices. In 1376, the 'Good
      Parliament' (which saw the election of the first
      Speaker to represent the Commons) attacked the
      high taxes and criticised the King's advisers. The
      ageing King withdrew to Windsor for the rest of his
      reign, eventually dying at Sheen Palace, Surrey.