Ferguson/Kirby Genealogy
Genealogy of the Ferguson, Kirby, Hicks, Harmon, Anderson, Andruss, and related famies
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King Of England Edward, IV
Male 1442 - 1483


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  • Prefix  King Of England 
    Suffix  IV 
    Birth  28 Apr 1442  Rouen, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  9 Apr 1483  Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I3230  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  6 Feb 2007 

    Father  Duke Of York Richard Plantagenet,   d. 1460 
    Mother  Cicely Nevill 
    Family ID  F1555  Group Sheet

    Family  Elizabeth Woodville 
    Married  1 May 1464  Grafton Regis, Northants Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    >1. Elizabeth, Of York,   b. 11 Feb 1465, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1502, Tower Of London, Tower Green, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. King Of England Edward V,   b. 4 Nov 1470, Sanctuary, Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1483
    Last Modified  6 Dec 2006 
    Family ID  F1556  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Edward IV (reigned 1461-70 and 1471-83) was
      able to restore order, despite the temporary return
      to the throne of Henry VI (reigned 1470-71, during
      which time Edward fled to the Continent in exile)
      supported by the Earl of Warwick, 'the
      Kingmaker', who had previously supported
      Edward and who was killed at the Battle of Barnet
      in 1471. Edward also made peace with France; by
      a shrewd display of force to exert pressure,
      Edward reached a profitable agreement with Louis
      XI at Picquigny in 1475.

      At home, Edward relied heavily on his own
      personal control in government, reviving the ancient
      custom of sitting in person 'on the bench' (i.e. in
      judgement) to enforce justice. He sacked
      Lancastrian office-holders and used his financial
      acumen to introduce tight management of royal
      revenues to reduce the Crown's debt. Building
      closer relations with the merchant community, he
      encouraged commercial treaties; he successfully
      traded in wool on his own account to restore his
      family's fortunes and enable the King to 'live of his
      own', paying the costs of the country's
      administration from the Crown Estates profits and
      freeing him from dependence on subsidies from
      Parliament.

      Edward rebuilt St George's Chapel at Windsor
      (possibly seeing it as a mausoleum for the Yorkists,
      as he was buried there) and a new great hall at
      Eltham Palace. Edward collected illuminated
      manuscripts - his is the only intact medieval royal
      collection to survive (in the British Library) - and
      patronised the new invention of printing. Edward
      died in 1483, leaving by his marriage to Elizabeth
      Woodville a 12-year-old son Edward to succeed
      him.