Ferguson/Kirby Genealogy
Genealogy of the Ferguson, Kirby, Hicks, Harmon, Anderson, Andruss, and related famies
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1 Anna filed for divorce Feb 5, 1906 for cruelty and non support, not contested and granted Sept 16, 1906. Family: F5406
2 Bio of Robert George ELDER and Cora Helen GROAT

Robert George ELDER, born Feb. 18, 1860, Clarion Co Penn - died Oct. 1935, Garfield [Whitman County] Wash.
Cora Helen GROAT, born May 31, 1862 in Iowa - died Oct. 1935, Garfield, Wash.

Cora Helen GROAT, daughter of Rev. E.G.O. and Delia GROAT was born in Iowa.
As a child she was a pianist and a soprano soloist in her father's Baptist Church and
lived in various towns in Iowa. Cora moved with her parents to the Territory of Washington
in the 1890's. She obtained a teaching job in a newly built school in Garfield, Wash.
The school was a two-room school and she taught the 4 lower grades.

Robert George Elder, son of John and Nancy Elder was born in Clarion Co., Penn.
His life was a struggle for at the age of 5 his father died.
Robert started work in his Grandfather's sawmill at the age of six
carrying bales of shingles on his head. As a child he was called Robbie and as
an adult he went by Bob. He always made his own living and at one time worked on a
farm for room and board and 50 cents a month. Through all of this he
managed to educate himself and go onto put himself through Edinboro in [Erie County] Penn.
He also helped his younger sister get an education.
At the age of 19 he came out west to Washington Territory and taught
school for one year. Realizing he needed more education he returned to Penn.
In his late 20's he returned to the territory and settled in Garfield where he
became Principal and taught the four upper grades in the two-room school.
Five months after he met Cora Helen Groat, they were married in Garfield on Nov. 27, 1888.

Robert and Cora Elder saved their money and bought 160 acres of wheat
land from the railroad for $8 an acre. This land layed at the foot of
Steptoe Butte, which is the highest, treeless butte in the U.S.
The Butte is a National Monument named after Col. Steptoe who fought the
Indians from this vantage point. About 1898 Robert rented the land out and
moved into town again where Robert became owner-editor of the Garfield Enterprise,
a weekly newspaper. Many of his editorials were picked up and reprinted in the
Portland Oregonian, Seattle Times, and the Spokane Review.

Robert Elder, who had great patience, a splendid sense of humor, was a
very conservative Republican and a great lover of justice. These interests
led him into county politics where he was on the Garfield School Board and
some State Agricultural Offices and Vice-Pres of State Bank.

Cora Elder died of cancer at the age of 72. A week later Robert at the age of 75
was killed in an auto accident when a semi-truck crashed into him while trying
to avoid a boy on a bicycle. 
Family: F1607
3 By Harleston R. Withers, M. G. P#116 Family: F2576
4 Marriage 1773 Albany, NY, or either at sea while emigrating from Scotland, or New York Colony, British Colonial America. Family: F7075
5 Married at Gracie's fathers place near Choctaw, OK Family: F25
6 Married by W. K. Piner. Family: F900
7 Married in the home of Cameron Stringer. Family: F4599
8 Source : County Court Records
Microfilm Number : 1026492 - 1026495 & 1026822
Harmon, Lee Spouse : Stringer, Elizabeth
Marriage date : Apr 16, 1856
County : Jackson
Gender : Male 
Family: F2077
9 Source : County Court Records
Microfilm Number : 1288645 - 1288649
Harmon, James N. Spouse : Bailey, Mrs. Mae
Marriage date : Dec 20, 1896
County : Izard
Gender : Male 
Family: F127
10 Source : County Court Records
Microfilm Number : 1288645 - 1288649
Harmon, R. A. Spouse : Spurlock, J. M. E.
Marriage date : Dec 23, 1891
County : Izard
Gender : Male 
Family: F3053
11 Witnesses were E. R. Ferguson and Jane Blanding. Family: F5399
12 Killed by brother Cain. Able
13 Name changed to Abraham by God. Abram
14 King of Franks
Antenor, IV
15 King of Sicambri
Antenor, III
16 «b»Antenor«/b» was King of Cimmerians and father of «b»Marcomir I«/b». Cimmerian Bosporus was an ancient kingdom on and around the Kerch Strait, which connects the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea.
17 last King of Sicambri
18 «b»Boadicea«/b», or, in Latin, Victoria, British queen who poisoned hereself in 62 A.D. after being defeated in battle by the Romans.
19 King of Sicambri
20 He became King of the Franks in 768, and Emperor of the Romans in 800. He built a kingdom that included almost all of Western and Central Europe through military action against the Saxons, Lombards, and Moors, and through alliances with the Pope. «b»Charlemagne«/b» instituted administrative, educational, economic, legal, and cultural reforms in his empire.
21 King of Sicambri
Clodimir I
22 King of Sicambri

«b»Clodius I«/b» withstood invasions from the Romans and the Gauls, and was killed in battle in 159 B. C.
23 King of Franks
Clodius II
24 King of Sicambri
25 Aka "The Black Prince". Prince Of Wales Edward
26 Edward I (1272-1307), who succeeded his father,
was an able administrator and law maker. He
re-established royal power, investigating many of
the abuses resulting from weak royal government
and issuing new laws. Edward was an effective
soldier, gaining experience from going on crusade
to Egypt and Syria before he became king. In 1276
Edward invaded Wales where Llewelyn ap
Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, had built up
considerable power. In a series of campaigns
Edward gained control of Wales, building strong
castles to secure his conquests. Llewelyn was killed
and in 1284, the Statute of Wales brought Wales
under Edward's rule. In 1301, he created his eldest
son, Edward, the first English Prince of Wales.

Wanting to unite the country behind him and to
raise money for all these campaigns, in 1295 the
king called what became known as the 'Model
Parliament'. To this he summoned not only the
aristocracy and the prelates, but also the knights of
the shires, burgesses from the towns and junior
clergy, thus creating a Parliament in approximately
its modern form. From this date onwards, this
system of representation became the norm.

In 1296 Edward invaded Scotland, successfully
seizing the king of Scots and the Stone of Scone.
However, a guerrilla war broke out and William
Wallace, the Scottish leader, defeated the English
at Stirling Bridge. Wallace was finally captured and
executed in 1305. Edward died in 1307, when he
was about to start another campaign against the
Scots. In 1314 Robert the Bruce, who had become
king of Scots in 1306, defeated the English at the
Battle of Bannockburn. 
King Of England Edward, I (Longshanks)
27 Edward II (reigned 1307-27) had few of the
qualities that made a successful medieval king.
Edward surrounded himself with favourites (the
best known being a Gascon, Piers Gaveston), and
the barons, feeling excluded from power, rebelled.
Throughout his reign, different baronial groups
struggled to gain power and control the King. The
nobles' ordinances of 1311, which attempted to
limit royal control of finance and appointments,
were counteracted by Edward. Large debts (many
inherited) and the Scots' victory at Bannockburn by
Robert the Bruce in 1314 made Edward more

Edward's victory in a civil war (1321-2) and such
measures as the 1326 ordinance (a protectionist
measure which set up compulsory markets or
staples in 14 English, Welsh and Irish towns for the
wool trade) did not lead to any compromise
between the King and the nobles. Finally, in 1326,
Edward's wife, Isabella of France, led an invasion
against her husband. In 1327 Edward was made to
renounce the throne in favour of his son Edward
(the first time that an anointed king of England had
been dethroned since Ethelred in 1013). Edward II
was later murdered at Berkeley Castle. 
King Of England Edward, III
28 Edward III (reigned 1327-77) was 14 when he
was crowned King and assumed government in his
own right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the
Duchy of Cornwall to provide the heir to the throne
with an income independent of the sovereign or the
state. An able soldier, and an inspiring leader,
Edward founded the Order of the Garter in 1348.

At the beginning of the Hundred Years War in
1337, actual campaigning started when the King
invaded France in 1339 and laid claim to the throne
of France. Following a sea victory at Sluys in 1340,
Edward overran Brittany in 1342 and in 1346 he
landed in Normandy defeating the French King,
Philip IV, at the Battle of Crécy and his son
Edward (the Black Prince) repeated his success at
Poitiers (1356). By 1360 Edward controlled over a
quarter of France. His successes consolidated the
support of the nobles, lessened criticism of the
taxes, and improved relations with Parliament.
However, under the 1375 Treaty of Bruges the
French King, Charles V, reversed most of the
English conquests; Calais and a coastal strip near
Bordeaux were Edward's only lasting gain.

Failure abroad provoked criticism at home. The
Black Death plague outbreaks of 1348-9, 1361-2
and 1369 inflicted severe social dislocation (the
King lost a daughter to the plague) and caused
deflation; severe laws were introduced to attempt
to fix wages and prices. In 1376, the 'Good
Parliament' (which saw the election of the first
Speaker to represent the Commons) attacked the
high taxes and criticised the King's advisers. The
ageing King withdrew to Windsor for the rest of his
reign, eventually dying at Sheen Palace, Surrey. 
King Of England Edward, III
29 Edward IV (reigned 1461-70 and 1471-83) was
able to restore order, despite the temporary return
to the throne of Henry VI (reigned 1470-71, during
which time Edward fled to the Continent in exile)
supported by the Earl of Warwick, 'the
Kingmaker', who had previously supported
Edward and who was killed at the Battle of Barnet
in 1471. Edward also made peace with France; by
a shrewd display of force to exert pressure,
Edward reached a profitable agreement with Louis
XI at Picquigny in 1475.

At home, Edward relied heavily on his own
personal control in government, reviving the ancient
custom of sitting in person 'on the bench' (i.e. in
judgement) to enforce justice. He sacked
Lancastrian office-holders and used his financial
acumen to introduce tight management of royal
revenues to reduce the Crown's debt. Building
closer relations with the merchant community, he
encouraged commercial treaties; he successfully
traded in wool on his own account to restore his
family's fortunes and enable the King to 'live of his
own', paying the costs of the country's
administration from the Crown Estates profits and
freeing him from dependence on subsidies from

Edward rebuilt St George's Chapel at Windsor
(possibly seeing it as a mausoleum for the Yorkists,
as he was buried there) and a new great hall at
Eltham Palace. Edward collected illuminated
manuscripts - his is the only intact medieval royal
collection to survive (in the British Library) - and
patronised the new invention of printing. Edward
died in 1483, leaving by his marriage to Elizabeth
Woodville a 12-year-old son Edward to succeed
King Of England Edward, IV
30 Edward V (reigned April-June 1483) was a minor,
and his uncle Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was
made Protector. Richard had been loyal throughout
to his brother Edward IV including the events of
1470-71, Edward's exile and their brother's
rebellion (the Duke of Clarence, who was executed
in 1478 by drowning, reputedly in a barrel of
Malmsey wine). However, he was suspicious of the
Woodville faction, possibly believing they were the
cause of Clarence's death. In response to an
attempt by Elizabeth Woodville to take power,
Richard and Edward V entered London in May,
with Edward's coronation fixed for 22 June.
However, in mid-June Richard assumed the throne
as Richard III (reigned 1483-85). Edward V and
his younger brother Richard were declared
illegitimate, taken to the Royal apartments at the
Tower of London (then a Royal residence) and
never seen again. (Skeletons, allegedly theirs, found
there in 1674 were later buried in Westminster

Before his usurpation, Richard had a strong power
base in the north, and his reliance on northerners
during his reign was to increase resentment in the
south. Richard concluded a truce with Scotland to
reduce his commitments in the north; he attempted
genuine reconciliation by showing consideration to
Lancastrians purged from office by Edward IV,
and moved Henry VI's body to St George's Chapel
at Windsor; the first laws written entirely in English
were passed during his reign. In 1484, Richard's
only legitimate son Edward predeceased him.

Resentment against Richard grew. On 7 August
1485, Henry Tudor (a direct descendant through
his mother Margaret Beaufort, of John of Gaunt,
one of Edward III's younger sons) landed at
Milford Haven in Wales to claim the throne. On 22
August in a two-hour battle at Bosworth, Henry's
forces (assisted by Lord Stanley's private army of
around 7,000 which was deliberately posted so
that he could join the winning side) defeated
Richard's larger army and Richard was killed.
Buried without a monument in Leicester, Richard's
bones were scattered during the English
King Of England Edward V
31 Duke of Alsace. Eticho, Of Alsace
32 King of West Franks
33 Also the Count of Anjou. King Of Jerusalem Fulk V
34 Aka Gundicus. King Of Burgundy Gundicaire, Of Burgundy
35 Aka Gunderic. King Of Burgundy Gundioc, Of Burgundy
36 King of Sicambri
Helenus I
37 Henry III (reigned 1216-1272), John's son, was
only nine when he became king. By 1227, when he
assumed power from his regent, order had been
restored based on his acceptance of Magna Carta.
However, the king's failed campaigns in France, his
choice of foreigners as friends and advisers,
together with the cost of his scheme to make one of
his younger sons king of Sicily and help the Pope
against the Holy Roman Emperor, led to further
disputes with the barons and united opposition in
Church and State. The Provisions of Oxford
(1258) and the Provisions of Westminster (1259)
were attempts by the nobles to curb the king's
power, control appointments and set up an
aristocratic council.

Henry renounced the Provisions in 1264 and war
broke out. The barons under their leader, Simon de
Montfort, were initially successful, but Henry and
his son, Edward, finally defeated and killed de
Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. Royal
authority was restored by the Statute of
Marlborough (1267), in which the king also
promised to uphold Magna Carta and some of the
Provisions of Westminster. 
King Of England Henry, III
38 Henry IV (reigned 1399-1413) spent much of the
early part of his reign fighting to keep control of his
lands. Exiled for life by Richard II in 1399, Henry's
successful usurpation did not lead to general
recognition of his claim (he remained unrecognised
as King by Charles VI of France).

An outbreak of the plague in 1400 was
accompanied by a revolt in Wales led by Owen
Glendower. In 1403, Henry's supporters, the
Percys of Northumberland, turned against him and
conspired with Glendower - the Percys and the
Welsh were defeated by Henry at the Battle of
Shrewsbury. This victory was followed by the
execution of other rebels at York (including the
Archbishop in 1405). By 1408 Henry had gained
control of the country. Henry was dogged by illness
from 1405 onwards; his son played a greater role
in government (even opposing the King at times). In
1413, Henry died exhausted, in the Jerusalem
Chamber at Westminster Abbey. 
King Of England Henry IV, Of Bolingbrooke
39 Soon after his accession, Henry V (reigned
1413-22) laid claim to the French crown. Stern
and ruthless, Henry was a brilliant general who had
gained military experience in his teens, when he
fought alongside his father at the battle of
Shewsbury. In 1415, Henry set sail for France,
capturing Harfleur. His offer to the French Dauphin
of personal combat (Richard I and Edward III had
made similar offers in their time) was, like those of
his predecessors, refused; he went on to defeat the
French at the Battle of Agincourt. In alliance with
unreliable Burgundy, and assisted by his brothers
(the Dukes of Clarence, Bedford and Gloucester),
Henry gained control of Normandy in subsequent
campaigns. By the Treaty of Troyes (1420), he
gained recognition as heir to the French throne, and
married Charles VI's daughter Katherine.

Well educated, Henry had a particular interest in
liturgical music; he gave pensions to well-known
composers of his time, and a hymn of praise to
God, which he ordered sung after Agincourt, still
exists. However, Henry's success was short lived
and he died of dysentery in 1422 in Bois de
Vincennes, France. 
King Of England Henry V
40 Born at Windsor Castle, Henry VI (reigned
1422-61 and 1470-71) succeeded to the thrones
of England and France before the age of one, when
his father Henry V and his grandfather Charles VI
of France died within months of each other. Henry
was crowned King of England in 1429 and, in
1431, King of France. His minority was dominated
by his uncles Cardinal Beaufort and the Duke of
Gloucester (who opposed each other). Another
uncle, the Duke of Bedford, was Regent of France;
his death in 1435, combined with Burgundy
breaking the alliance with England, led to the
collapse of English rule in northern France. The
dual monarchy proved too difficult for the King and
England to maintain; the successes of the Dauphin
and Joan of Arc began to weaken England's grip
on its French possessions and Normandy was lost
in 1450. Henry's cultural patronage and genuine
interest in education (he founded Eton and King's
College, Cambridge) were outweighed by his
patchy and partisan interest in administration.
Failure in France and domestic unrest (for example,
the Cade rebellion of 1450) encouraged

In 1453 the King became ill and Richard, Duke of
York, was made Protector in 1454. The King
recovered in 1455, but civil war between the
Yorkist and Lancastrian factions broke out (the
Wars of the Roses). For the rest of his reign,
Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, was determined
to fight, rather than negotiate a compromise, for the
Lancastrian cause of her husband and son. Pitted
against Henry was the Duke of York, asserting his
legitimate claim to the throne as he was descended
by his mother from Edward III's second surviving
son (Henry VI was descended from Edward's third
surviving son). The Wars of the Roses were
therefore a struggle to decide if the succession
should keep to the male line or could pass through
females. The Duke of York was killed at the Battle
of Wakefield in 1460.

In 1461, his son Edward, an able commander,
defeated the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross, and
London opened its gates to the Yorkist forces;
Henry and his queen fled to Scotland. An
unsuccessful military campaigner, Henry was
captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London in
1465, but was restored to the throne in 1470. His
brief period of freedom ended after the Battle of
Tewkesbury in 1471 (in which his son Edward,
Prince of Wales was killed) when Edward IV
regained the throne, and Henry was put to death in
the Tower of London. 
King Of England Henry VI
41 Countess of Vinzgau. Hildegarde
42 Name changed to Israel by God. Jacob
43 God on Earth. Jesus
«b»Marcomir«/b» was King of Franks. He was born in 128. He married «b»Athildis«/b», daughter of «b»Coilus«/b» or Coel, King of Britain (Old King Cole, ca. 125, built Coel-Castra, or Colchester) and a daughter of «b»Cyllin«/b», King of Siluria. Among the children of «b»Marcomir«/b» and «b»Athildis«/b» was «b»Clodomir IV«/b», King of Franks. «b»Marcomir«/b» died in 149. «b»Athildis«/b» died in 170.

Marcomir, IV
45 King of Cimmerians
Marcomir, I
46 King of Franks
Marcomir, III
47 King of Sicambri
48 King of Sicambri
49 King of Franks
50 «b»Pepin III«/b» (or Pepin the Short), son of «b»Charles Martel«/b» and «b»Rotrude de Treves,«/b» was born in 714 or 715. In 743 he married Bertrada II of Laon (died 783), and later he married «b»Gersvind«/b». In 751, «b»Pepin III«/b» deposed Childeric III and became the first king of the Merovingian Dynasty. Pope Stephen II crowned «b»Pepin III«/b» in 754, and «b»Pepin's«/b» army protected the Pope from the Lombards. «b»Pepin«/b» donated territory to the Pope, which became the foundation of the Papal States. Among the children of «b»Pepin III«/b» and «b»Gersvind«/b» was «b»Charlemagne. Pepin III«/b» died on September 18, 768, and was buried in the Basilica of St. Dennis.
King Of The Franks Pepin, III 'the Short'

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